A Further Look at the Gender Gap in Italian Academic Careers

Brunetti MariannaFabretti Annalisa Zoli Mariangela
CEIS Research Paper
In developed countries women have now achieved educational parity with men. Yet disparities persist in reaching top positions in the job market, with academia making no exception. This paper assesses the gender gap in career advancements in Italian universities over the 2013-2021 period, and explores the potential role of a third factor, i.e. mobility, besides competitiveness and scientific productivity typically investigated in the literature. The results, strongly robust, show a gender gap in advancements to associate professorship of about 4 percentage points, which is only partially explained by competitiveness, while scientific productivity and mobility do not seem to play a role. The estimated gender gap almost doubles for transitions to full professorship, and it remains unaffected when both competitiveness and scientific productivity are considered. Interestingly, mobility in this case matters: the gap is still there but (as much as 5 times) smaller when career advancements occur along with a move to a different University.

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Number: 570
Keywords: gender gap, competitiveness, productivity, mobility, higher education, academia
JEL codes: J16, J71
Volume: 21
Issue: 7
Date: Thursday, December 21, 2023
Revision Date: Thursday, December 21, 2023