On the Role of Bargaining Power in Nash-in-Nash Bargaining: When More is Less

Escrihuela-Villar MarcFerrarese WalterIozzi Alberto
CEIS Research Paper
In bargainings, the parties’ bargaining powers (BPs) may determine not only how the surplus is shared (share effect), but also the size of the aggregate surplus (size effect). Since the size effect may be positive or negative, the sign of the effect on a party’s payoff of a change in her BP is in principle undetermined. We first look at a general model with a party (the principal) negotiating with two counterparts. At the Nash-in-Nash solution, we show that the equilibrium payoff of the principal may be decreasing in her BP. Necessary conditions for this to occur are an asymmetric bargaining model and a sufficiently large difference in the way the bargained upon variables affect the principal’s payoff. We then revisit a standard linear vertical industry with one upstream firm, downstream Cournot competition, and public contracts. A negative effect on the upstream firm’s profits deriving from an increase in her BP is always found when the firm has different BPs across the negotiations and final goods are complements. We map these conditions to those characterised in the general model.

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Number: 550
Keywords: bargaining power, Nash-in-Nash, vertical relations
JEL codes: D21, D43, D86
Volume: 20
Issue: 7
Date: Thursday, December 22, 2022
Revision Date: Thursday, December 22, 2022